The term “High Cognitive Abilities” (usually known as “High Intellectual Abilities” AACC) refers to a very heterogeneous group of people (children, adolescents and adults) who present a differential stage of development with respect to the standard norm of the population.
It defines the existence of high levels of brain activation and efficiency in terms of cognitive processes, i.e. the ability to perceive and process all types of information.
This “hyper-development” crystallizes in the configuration of outstanding aptitudes to grasp any stimulus, to understand, reason and learn from experience. Although always with specific particularities and differentiating nuances, depending on each personal profile and the processes of interaction with the environment.
Following the above definition, the key criterion, when trying to identify an evolutionary profile associated with AACC, is COGNITIVE EFFICIENCY. This may be seen as a very significant capacity to perceive stimuli, to learn, to understand and reason at a high level, or to show evidence of the presence of a deep and complex self-aware inner world.
Evaluation, Intervention Programs, Group Dynamics, Training Courses, Family Orientation and Informative Talks.
The problem is to confuse capacity with performance. And not taking into account that certain aspects can block development from an early age. That is why, MANY TIMES, it is essential to pay attention to other “warning signs” that are often intricate: overexcitability, talents, creativity, social difficulties, behavioral problems or emotional disturbances.
Despite common myths and false beliefs, the concept of “AACC” encompasses a very heterogeneous group of people, with different profiles, who only have in common the presence of a highly developed cognitive potential.
However, contrary to popular belief, this fact is not always synonymous with success. The usual “prototype” associated with AACC, with high academic or professional performance, great social or personal skills and outstanding productivity levels, is not always the only possible path.
There are many complementary variables that intermingle to modulate the evolutionary process, giving rise to very varied profiles within three major subtypes (high potential, high ability, high performance): “harmonious”, “unnoticed”, “unmotivated”, “talented”, “maladjusted”….